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Archive Eric Parker Nota Bene Philosophy

Reformation Logic

Aristotle’s Organon was the essential logic textbook for most Christian educational institutions in the 16th century. Most editions of the Organon included Porphyry’s summary of Aristotle’s logic, the Isagoge. Zacharinus Ursinus, the author of the Heidelberg Catechism, produced his own version of the Organon along with Porphyry’s introduction to be used for teaching the basics of logic […]

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Archive Nota Bene Reformed Irenicism Steven Wedgeworth

Why Squishy Converts Are The Worst

My friend and fellow pastor in the CREC, Toby Sumpter, has been posting some clear-thinking reflections on what is practically involved when Reformed Christians convert to Roman Catholicism or Eastern Orthodoxy. I thought this post was especially accurate, particularly this paragraph: A convert must leave the unity of the church that he/she is currently enjoying. […]

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Archive Eric Parker Nota Bene Reformed Irenicism Sacred Doctrine

Does the Church Have Authority over the Scriptures?

Martin Bucer admits that it is true, in some sense, that the church came before the scriptures. It is true that the church was established before the canon of the New Testament was closed. This does not mean, he insists, that the church had (or continues to have) the authority to make or change God’s word. […]

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Archive Eric Parker Nota Bene Reformed Irenicism

Martin Bucer on Private Confession & Absolution

Amy Nelson Burnett points out that Zwinglians and Lutherans differed on the practice of offering private confession and absolution. Lutherans believed the practice to be a healthy replacement for mandatory auricular confession, while the Zwinglians considered it meaningless for one Christian to pronounce forgiveness over another. Martin Bucer initially supported the Zwinglians on this issue […]

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Archive Joseph Minich Reformed Irenicism Sacred Doctrine

And “What is Reformed Catholicism?”

Following up on Pastor Wedgeworth’s post regarding “Reformed Irenicism,” I thought it important to explain a few points regarding the relationship of this term to the idea of “Reformed Catholicism,” as it is often called. As it turns out, different people mean very different things by the label – though I think they (broadly speaking) could […]

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Andrew Fulford Archive Authors Nota Bene

Brad Littlejohn on Peter Martyr Vermigli

TCI contributor Dr Littlejohn has recently published two posts on the life of the Italian Reformer which are well worth the time. See here for the long version, and here for the short version with more directly explanation of how Vermigli can serve as an example today. To quote Littlejohn: We should welcome such opportunities, […]

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Archive Authors E.J. Hutchinson Nota Bene Reformed Irenicism Sacred Doctrine

Contarini on Justification (1)

In 1541, Gasparo Contarini, a cardinal in the Church of Rome, wrote a short but fascinating treatise on justification in which he espouses a position that is neither quite the pure Protestant doctrine nor the later Tridentine doctrine. As far as I know (though I haven’t looked that hard), an English translation has never been […]

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Archive Authors Civic Polity E.J. Hutchinson Nota Bene The Two Kingdoms

Magistrate as Minister

In Romans 13:4, Paul calls the magistrate a “minister of God” (KJV), a Dei…minister (Vulg.); the ESV translates the relevant phrase as “God’s servant.” Calvin agrees, echoing the language of the Vulgate in the Institutes’ prefatory address to King Francis and adding that the magistrate should acknowledge such to be the case:   “Siquidem et verum regem […]

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Archive Civic Polity E.J. Hutchinson Natural Law Nota Bene The Two Kingdoms

Theocracy without Theonomy?

It is perhaps an easy mistake, but nevertheless a very bad one, to confuse theocracy and theonomy. It is also a mistake, on the other hand, to equate theocracy with ecclesiocracy or clerical rule. The magisterial Reformers were theocrats, believing as they did in the kingship of Christ over all earthly and heavenly orders, but […]

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Archive Civic Polity E.J. Hutchinson Natural Law Nota Bene

Nicolaus Hemmingius on Justice and Law in the Commonwealth

The De lege naturae apodictica methodus (“Demonstrative  Method Concerning the Law of Nature”) by the Danish (Philippist) Lutheran scholar and theologian Nicolaus Hemmingius (Niels Hemmingsen) was first published in Latin in 1564. In the excerpt below, from the dedicatory epistle to Erik Krabbe, Hemmingius lays out the connection between justice, law, and the health of the commonwealth […]