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Archive Reformed Irenicism Sacred Doctrine Steven Wedgeworth

The Tale of John Chrysostom’s Letter to Caesarius: Eucharist, Dogma, Textual Criticism, and Propaganda

Around the year 1548, Peter Martyr Vermigli published the following quote from John Chrysostom, said to be from a letter to Caesarius the monk: For as [in the eucharist] before the bread is consecrated, we call it bread, but when the grace of God by the Spirit has consecrated it, it is no longer called […]

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Archive Authors Civic Polity E.J. Hutchinson Natural Law Nota Bene Reformed Irenicism The Two Kingdoms

“Whether It Is Permitted to the King, Prince, or Magistrate to Establish Religion”

Richard Hooker famously (?) said: “A gross error it is, to think that regal power ought to serve for the good of the body, and not of the soul; for men’s temporal peace, and not for their eternal safety: as if God had ordained kings for no other end and purpose but only to fat […]

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Authors E.J. Hutchinson Nota Bene Reformed Irenicism

What Irenicism Looks Like (16th c. Edition)

We’re big on “Reformed Irenicism” around here. Do we have it now? Maybe, I dunno. Did we have it before? Yes, at least sometimes. We can catch a glimpse of what it looked like in the 16th century in the case of one of its most significant sons, the Italian Protestant Peter Martyr Vermigli. Herewith […]

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Archive Civic Polity Nota Bene Philosophy Simon Kennedy

Vermigli on Idolatry (again)

Further to my previous post on Hobbes and Vermigli, the latter wrote in 1555 following on from his denunciation of those who understand Naaman the Syrian’s example to allow for attendance at Mass and so on: Neither did Eliseus [Elisha], as our men do think, grant Naaman licence or liberty to do so as he had […]

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Archive Civic Polity Philosophy Reformed Irenicism Simon Kennedy

Vermigli vs Hobbes on Idolatry

In his massive chapter on ecclesiastical power in Leviathan, Thomas Hobbes argues that people can rightly bow before idols, or deny belief in Christ as Messiah. He writes that if a civil magistrate forbids one to believe in Christ, it does not matter: To this I answer, that such a forbidding is of no effect, […]

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Archive Authors E.J. Hutchinson Nota Bene Reformed Irenicism

Preces Sacrae 10

The first (and only) prayer in Vermigli’s Preces Sacrae from Psalm 5. Translation From Psalm 5. We flee to you daily, Almighty God, with our prayers, and we lay our vows before you in the morning–not ignorant that you hate our iniquity and exceedingly detest our sins. We do not deny that we are held fast […]

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Archive Authors E.J. Hutchinson Nota Bene Reformed Irenicism

Preces Sacrae 9

Peter Martyr Vermigli’s second and final prayer from the fourth Psalm. As with the rest of the translations in this series from the Preces Sacrae, these should be considered to be in the public domain, should anyone wish to make use of or to distribute them. The man knew how to compose a prayer, and […]

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Archive Authors E.J. Hutchinson Nota Bene Reformed Irenicism

Preces Sacrae 8

It has been a while since I posted one of Peter Martyr Vermigli’s Preces Sacrae from the book of Psalms. Let’s get back to it. Here is his first prayer from Psalm 4, the eighth in the collection as a whole. Translation From Psalm 4. We call upon you, almighty God, constrained by the greatest distresses […]

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Archive Authors E.J. Hutchinson Nota Bene Reformed Irenicism

Preces Sacrae 7

Below is Peter Martyr’s second and final prayer from Psalm 3. Notice what is now becoming a pattern in these prayers: Peter Martyr, when approaching God, regularly calls to mind the sins of those who pray, and their utter lack of right to ask anything of God, while also and nevertheless regularly giving voice to his confidence […]

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Archive Authors E.J. Hutchinson Nota Bene Reformed Irenicism

Preces Sacrae (6)

Peter Martyr Vermigli’s first prayer from Psalm 3 from his Preces sacrae ex Psalmis Davidis. Translation From Psalm 3. Beyond measure, O God Best and Greatest, have the armies of those who assail your church increased; very many now dare to attack it, and cruelly to rise up against it–not relying on any other counsel except […]