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Archive Authors E.J. Hutchinson Natural Law Nota Bene Philosophy

Authority and Truth, “Law” and Law

In the dedicatory epistle to his De lege naturae, Niels Hemmingsen remarks that some might say that, because of the existence of contradictory laws among various commonwealths, justice is a matter of opinion, not nature. In most instances, then, it would be the opinion of the strong that would determine justice, because the strong would be […]

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Archive Authors E.J. Hutchinson Nota Bene Reformed Irenicism

Christ as the Right Hand of God

In the Enchiridion Theologicum (“Theological Handbook”), Niels Hemmingsen, in discussing man in the fallen state and the consequent necessity he has of faith in Christ for regeneration (which he identifies with the restoration of the image of God), quotes Augustine (De libero arbitrio 2.20.54) to strengthen his point: we must lay hold in faith of Jesus […]

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Archive Authors E.J. Hutchinson Nota Bene Reformed Irenicism Sacred Doctrine

Analogical Language about God

I’ve been on a bit of a Hemmingsen kick lately. Look for that to continue indefinitely. In the first section of the “first class” of topics in his Enchiridion Theologicum, that dealing with the doctrine of God, he discusses the different ways in which we talk about God. One of these is to apply anthropomorphic language […]

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Archive Authors E.J. Hutchinson Nota Bene Reformed Irenicism

A Mnemonic for Christ’s Divine Nature

Readers may be familiar with Nicholas of Lyra’s verse-couplet that is intended to aid in remembering the fourfold sense of Scripture: Littera gesta docet, quid credas allegoria, moralis quid agas, quo tendas anagogia. The literal sense teaches what happened, the allegorical what you are to believe, the moral what you are to do, the anagogical […]

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Archive Eric Parker Natural Law Nota Bene

Melanchthon’s Commentary on Romans & Proofs for the Existence of God

Many TCI readers will be pleased to know that the second edition of Philip Melanchthon’s Commentary on Romans published by Concordia Publishing House back in 2010 is now available on Amazon in ebook format for only $9.99. The second edition is a reprint of the first edition with Fred Kramer’s translation from 1992 which had gone […]

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Archive Authors Civic Polity E.J. Hutchinson Nota Bene Sacred Doctrine The Two Kingdoms

Victorinus Strigel on the Christian Prince

Today’s commentary on Psalm 148:11 comes from Victorinus Strigel (1524-69). PRDL lists him as Lutheran-Reformed, presumably at least in part because he was my favorite kind of Lutheran, which is to say, a Philippist (with apologies to any LCMS readers). The following excerpt is from his Hypomnemata in omnes Psalmos Davidis. I am almost certain that […]

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Archive Authors E.J. Hutchinson Nota Bene Reformed Irenicism Sacred Doctrine

Testimonies concerning the Divinity of the Son of God

In the next set of questions, Chytraeus lists some Scriptural testmonia regarding the divinity of the Second and Third Persons of the Trinity (the testmonia concerning the Holy Spirit are not included in this post). The witness of Scripture undergirds Nicene trinitarianism. In the case of the Son, he also includes a question in which he explains why […]

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Archive Authors E.J. Hutchinson Nota Bene Reformed Irenicism Sacred Doctrine

The Distinctions between the Persons

In today’s passage, David Chytraeus gives a traditional, classical Western account of the distinctions (discrimina) among the three Persons of the Godhead. He thus teaches the eternal generation of the Son. Chytraeus connects the Son’s intercession and mediation to the Fall, which is to say that the Son became man’s intercessor as soon as the […]

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Archive E.J. Hutchinson Reformed Irenicism Sacred Doctrine

Why Ought We to Recognize Only Three Persons in the Godhead?

Below is the next question in Chytraeus’ primus locus, or first topic, on God. (It’s been a while; the previous installment is here.) The reason that only three persons are to be recognized in the Godhead is because that is what God has revealed in Scripture. Chytraeus again asserts his foundational Scripture-principle: that our knowledge of […]

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Archive Authors E.J. Hutchinson Reformed Irenicism Sacred Doctrine

The Number of Persons in the Godhead, and the Definition of “Person”

We carry on with the next two questions in Chytraeus’ first locus. His answer to the question “What is God?” was already Trinitarian and creedal, and he now expands upon God’s tri-unity. In the second question below he gives a definition of the term persona as it is used in reference to the Godhead. He calls it a substantia, […]