Archive Ecclesiastical Polity Joseph Minich Sacred Doctrine

The Conquest of the Rock: A New Look at Matthew 16 and the Keys of the Kingdom

Matthew 16:13-20 has been the subject of enormous controversy in the history of the Christian church. This is particularly the case with respect to the interpretation of its famous “rock” and “keys of the kingdom of heaven” clauses.[1] It is safe to say, in fact, that the church has never quite arrived as a universal […]

Archive Authors E.J. Hutchinson Nota Bene Reformed Irenicism Sacred Doctrine

The Key to the Keys of the Kingdom?

It would be something of an understatement to say that Matthew 16.19 has been a crux interpretum: 19 δώσω σοι τὰς κλεῖδας τῆς βασιλείας τῶν οὐρανῶν, καὶ ὃ ἐὰν δήσῃς ἐπὶ τῆς γῆς ἔσται δεδεμένον ἐν τοῖς οὐρανοῖς, καὶ ὃ ἐὰν λύσῃς ἐπὶ τῆς γῆς ἔσται λελυμένον ἐν τοῖς οὐρανοῖς. “I will give to you the keys […]