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Archive Authors E.J. Hutchinson Nota Bene Reformed Irenicism

Prudentius et Herodotus in Chytraeo

This is a brief addendum to yesterday’s post on David Chytraeus’ comments on Exodus 1. I post it because it demonstrates the kind of humanism and concern for the artes that used to be present among theologians. The fourth locus treated in chapter 1, Chytraeus says, is the principle “We must obey God rather than men,” and […]

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Archive Authors E.J. Hutchinson Nota Bene Reformed Irenicism Sacred Doctrine

Quid Est Sacramentum?

I suppose that, while I was at it, I should have cited Chytraeus’ general definition of a sacramentum as well, in order to indicate how he construes such rites in broader terms. So here it is (it has the advantage of being brief): Quid est sacramentum? SACRAMENTUM, est actio sacra, a Deo instituta, constans verbo et […]

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Archive Authors E.J. Hutchinson Nota Bene Reformed Irenicism Sacred Doctrine

Chytraeus on Presence in the Coena Domini

Recently Eric Parker posted on a thesis concerning the sacraments from a 1581 disputation at Rostock. Rostock was the primary site of the labors of the mediating Lutheran theologian David Chytraeus, on whose Catechism I posted several times a couple of years ago (you can find these in the archives by searching for “David Chytraeus”). I […]

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Archive Authors E.J. Hutchinson Nota Bene Reformed Irenicism Sacred Doctrine

Testimonies concerning the Divinity of the Son of God

In the next set of questions, Chytraeus lists some Scriptural testmonia regarding the divinity of the Second and Third Persons of the Trinity (the testmonia concerning the Holy Spirit are not included in this post). The witness of Scripture undergirds Nicene trinitarianism. In the case of the Son, he also includes a question in which he explains why […]

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Archive Authors E.J. Hutchinson Nota Bene Reformed Irenicism Sacred Doctrine

The Distinctions between the Persons

In today’s passage, David Chytraeus gives a traditional, classical Western account of the distinctions (discrimina) among the three Persons of the Godhead. He thus teaches the eternal generation of the Son. Chytraeus connects the Son’s intercession and mediation to the Fall, which is to say that the Son became man’s intercessor as soon as the […]

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Archive E.J. Hutchinson Reformed Irenicism Sacred Doctrine

Why Ought We to Recognize Only Three Persons in the Godhead?

Below is the next question in Chytraeus’ primus locus, or first topic, on God. (It’s been a while; the previous installment is here.) The reason that only three persons are to be recognized in the Godhead is because that is what God has revealed in Scripture. Chytraeus again asserts his foundational Scripture-principle: that our knowledge of […]

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Archive Authors E.J. Hutchinson Reformed Irenicism Sacred Doctrine

The Number of Persons in the Godhead, and the Definition of “Person”

We carry on with the next two questions in Chytraeus’ first locus. His answer to the question “What is God?” was already Trinitarian and creedal, and he now expands upon God’s tri-unity. In the second question below he gives a definition of the term persona as it is used in reference to the Godhead. He calls it a substantia, […]

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Archive Authors E.J. Hutchinson Reformed Irenicism

Why Is Catechesis Used in the Church? (Part 1)

About the image with this post: I just had to share. I was shocked to find that such a game actually exists. Chytraeus’ last question before he moves on to the loci proper draws forth a lengthy answer from him, so I will break it up into a couple of parts. In the last installment […]

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Archive Authors E.J. Hutchinson Reformed Irenicism

What Is Catechesis?

Before moving on to the loci proper, of which the first is “On God” (de Deo), Chytraeus sets about defining “catechesis.” In some, though not all, editions of this work, there is a question at the very beginning concerning what catechesis is. But he goes to greater lengths and answers in more detail here. Catechesis […]

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Archive Authors E.J. Hutchinson Reformed Irenicism

What Schools Are and What They’re For (Part 3)

Here is the last part of David Chytraeus’ answer to the question “For what reasons is it necessary that literary studies be cultivated in schools, and especially that the catechism be learned?” Education has practical benefits insofar as it enables one to provide for himself adequately and uprightly. To bring home the point, he refers […]