After asserting that man’s physiology bears witness to the three kinds of “worlds” that exist and the kinds of knowledge that correspond to them, Zanchi notes that natural philosophy is useful for two of them (the lower and the middle), he adds–in reliance on the Platonici–that there are three kinds of men that correspond to these three kinds of knowledge, and tosses in a learned allusion to Hesiod’s Theogony to boot with respect to the first kind of men, to which this post is limited. 1
Since these things are so, it is fitting that man, because he is a μικρόκοσμος [microcosm] and in him are contained the three remaining worlds, know the remaining worlds and himself. And yet it is natural philosophy that hands on the knowledge of this lower world, and also in large part the knowledge of the middle one–namely, the heavenly. Who, then, could not see that this study of natural philosophy is worthy of man? What the Platonists say can also be adduced here–namely, that there are three kinds of men. Of these, they call some sons of earth, namely those who are wise only in earthly things, and are not bound by any desire for virtue or philosophy. Some hand on the tradition that the giants [gygantes] were of this kind, whom Hesiod also called children of earth; even the very letters of the name indicate their being ἀπὸ τῆς γῆς [“from the earth”]. 2 Since they are wise only in earthly things, they are stooped downward toward food and sex. 3
The Calvinist International is a forum for research, resourcement, and renewal of Christian wisdom.